SPRITE is Napoleon

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SPRITE is Napoleon

Post  Hanna on Tue Oct 07, 2008 8:02 pm

Society
Napoleon
-Dec. 2,1804- Emperor of France - " I ordain myself" -At coronation took the crown and placed it on his own head- not the pope, showing he did not need to be ordained by God to rule.
-Burocracy- different fuedal system based on loyalty to Napoleon
-Army- Merit system- no longer officer of nobility-Jacobins and others promoted by ability
-Prohibits freedom of press
-enforced equality of oppurtunity
-Leagon of Honor-1802-given to French - class system of merit
-education reform-lycees- PLatonic Academies- a high calaber of education "merit-o-crats"- future leaders of gov.- free to army officer's children
-Primary education-church-catacysm controlled by state
-Education of women are barred
-Secret Police-Fouche: leader;prevent conspiracy and know public opinion
-Secret Secret Police- an eye on Fouche
-Report in secret to Napoleon
-censureship -politic reports 1799-1800 from 73 to 10 newpapers
-July 1811- 4 newspaper- each department- Lemonature- war bulletins
-no criticism
-1804-Napoleon passes the Napoleonic Code- civil code of law
-goals of FR to reconcil kinds of law in France (Roman, traditional, French)
-judges appointed by him - all 1 legal system
-males have more authority (imprison wife for adultry)
-wife sue husband for divorce
-Slavery if you didnt pay taxes
-workers-livret- employment records- absence from work-jail
-fuedal obligations are abolished again
-Codes of commercial- if you violate contract-monitary punishments
-criminal and penal code- prison tripled
-ultimately Napoleon- all leaders owe power to Napoleon
Napoleonic Wars
-Battle success= Political success
-unruly France needs a military leader
-coup of Burmer gave special statuus- Triumvirate
-Before Napoleon, soldiers were more loyal to generals (pay package- rape and pillage)
-Napoleon elects family members to ruling positions-King of Italy 1805; King of Spain
1806; Ligerian Republic= France; 1808 Rome takeover
-They can't put French troops at all ports as it costs money.
-Leads to political unrest, anti-French feelings and smuggling.
-France loses this economic war and grants access to the ports
-1813-Russia and Prussian harass Napoleon- He defeats the May 1813
-Forced into cease fire to August
-raise taxes, economic depression- during war conquered territories pay
-France is exempt from draft ends
-Comte de Arte- suspicious of king
-Revival of old system- Bourbon flag with white, green and gold
-Sans-culottes- unrest
-Rumors- Napoleon betrayed by royalists
-June 22, 1815 - abdicate
-July 8- Louis XVIII
-Talirane, Fouche, Duke of Wellington prevent revolution
-July 18- St. Helena
-Nov.20, 1815- Treaty of Paris and alliance with King Brit, 1790 boundaries- 700 million francs in war debt0 finance 150000 occupation army
-Les Mis- 1848
IMPACT -full circle revolution. 1 million soldiers dead. Popular soveriegnty becomes
centralized buracracy - tax, currency better -central bank - Napoleonic Code- property rights, distribution of church land, nomalized Pope relations
13 Constitutions for sister republics of Year 3
-include separation of power - 3 power
-graduated system of election
-universal male suffrage- right to vote- gain or revenge
-assemblies
-east-less likely influenced
-Holland, Germany, Italy - INFLUENCED
-new groups competing for power
-little redistribution of wealth
-owned land bought church land - aristocrat- not deprived of land
-German-still have nobles
-Code Napoleon- Italy, Naple, Westphalia, Holland, SPain
-public education - communitcation - taxes
-"Enlightened Despotism"
-power- desire for conquest- DOWNFALL
-Spain and Russia make Napoleon explioter
3 Problems= Continental System- lost market
Internal Protective- hate French
Code Napoleon- DEBT; outright opposition
Overal not sucessful
Opposition: English, Russian, Spanish
Russia- Nationalism
Prussia-oppurtunistiv
CONSEQUENCES- nationalism: self determination-Serbs, Hungarian, Bohemian
-liberty,equality, fraternity- didn't experience liberty Ex. nobleman sleeps with Serf's wife to bless marriage. Permission to marry- Natural rights
Holland-assembly
-Written constitutions- law because its written, binds you to law
-Equality- property; redistribution; equality under law
- Fraternity- patriotism. 1.4 French die in Napoleonic wars

Hanna
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Re: SPRITE is Napoleon

Post  Hanna on Tue Oct 07, 2008 8:03 pm

Political
Napoleon
-Born in Ajacio, Corsica to a lesser noble family.
-Age 9 , attended Brienne Military Academy and is an outsider as a Corsican fueling him to achieve in politics, philosophy, and military
-1784-at age 15, moved to Paris to attend military academy. Studied artillery, Hannibal, and Alexander the Great and graduated in 1 year
-Officer in the army at 16
-1793- Tulon- victory- drove out Brits- led charges
-Brigader General at 24
-1795- protects the National Convention - "saves" the revolution from the royalists
-Put in command of French Army in Italy
-Josephine de Bonena- Parisian high society; widow; business relationship- affairs; marries Napoleon March 9, 1796
-Italy- battling Austria and England- revolutionized art of war- divide and conquer.
-defeated 4 armies larger than his own.
- July 1798- Cairo, Alexandria- intellectual challeges- Rosetta Stone
-Battle of the Nile- try to disrupt England's Middle East Trade- FAIL
-Napoleon is humiliated when a sad letter of Josephine's affairs in published in English newspapers
- New Coalition of Austria, Prussia, and Britian
-government- "wield saber"- seized control Nov.9, 1799- consul
-new code of laws- education, no serfs, free religion
-Dec. 2,1804- Emperor of France - " I ordain myself"
-At coronation took the crown and placed it on his own head- not the pope, showing he did not need to be ordained by God to rule.
-Dec. 16,1909 -divorces Josephine due to no heir
-Marries Archduchess of Austria-Marie Louis- has a son named Napoleon who is ordained King of Rome
-Burocracy- different fuedal system based on loyalty to Napoleon

-Army- Merit system- no longer officer of nobility-Jacobins and others promoted by ability
-Prohibits freedom of press
-enforced equality of oppurtunity
-Leagon of Honor-1802-given to French - class system of merit
-education reform-lycees- PLatonic Academies- a high calaber of education "merit-o-crats"- future leaders of gov.- free to army officer's children
-Primary education-church-catacysm controlled by state
-Education of women are barred
-Secret Police-Fouche: leader;prevent conspiracy and know public opinion
-Secret Secret Police- an eye on Fouche
-Report in secret to Napoleon
-censureship -politic reports 1799-1800 from 73 to 10 newpapers
-July 1811- 4 newspaper- each department- Lemonature- war bulletins
-no criticism
-1804-Napoleon passes the Napoleonic Code- civil code of law
-goals of FR to reconcil kinds of law in France (Roman, traditional, French)
-judges appointed by him - all 1 legal system
-males have more authority (imprison wife for adultry)
-wife sue husband for divorce
-Slavery if you didnt pay taxes
-workers-livret- employment records- absence from work-jail
-fuedal obligations are abolished again
-church lands were given to others
land is divided equally amongst all male heirs instead of 1st born male

-Codes of commercial- if you violate contract-monitary punishments
-criminal and penal code- prison tripled
-ultimately Napoleon- all leaders owe power to Napoleon
-Continental System- England Successfully defies him- barred British ships and goods-paralyzed Britian and Europe's economy
-Portugal, Spain and England join to defy him.
-1812- Invade Russia with 6,000 men- lured in and frozen by the Russian winter -5,000 died , deserted or were captured
-1812- Suicide? Posion is old, makes him ill, but lives.
-April 11,1814 - replaced by King Louis XVIII
-Exile in Elba- 1,000 men under command and controlled economu ceremoniously
-Louis XVIII- failure- reforms repealed
-Escaped with 7 small ships
-landed in March 1, 1815, went through the Alps. Nostalgia in the countryside- people join his march - Army joins him
-Louis flees- March 20- marched to France - recaptured without blood
-Europe riases army against him, in 3 months the army is raised
-Britian, Prussia and Belgium gather in Belgium - attack 1 army at a time
-June 16- defeat Prussia
-June 17- Britian withdraws and Napoleon follows
-Roads are impassible due to rain
-Battle of Waterloo- June 18- thought Prussians were gone- They regrouped-misjudged Wellington- brought out imperial guard "coudigsa"(sp?)- half of Brit army behind hill- pounding too much- retreat- British infantry change - Prussians charge
-June 22, 1815- banished to St.Helena
-May 5, 1821- dead- burred in the Church of the Dome in Paris
-impact felt by Europe for 35 yrs.

Napoleonic Wars
-conquer most Europe
-Napoleon 1799-1814- almost constantly at war
-1802-1803- Peace btw. France and Britian
-Battle success= Political success
-unruly France needs a military leader
-coup of Burmer gave special statuus- Triumvirate
-Before Napoleon, soldiers were more loyal to generals (pay package- rape and pillage)
-Italian compaign- April 1800 - psh past Rhine - Austia
-June- Marngo Battle
-1st consul- moves out pf position
- December 1800- Muro- defeats Austrians
-February 18081- Austria Loonville Treaty- control of Italy, Switzerland, Sisalphine, Ligerian, Vatovin, Helvetic
Tuscany= Kingdom of Aturia
Pope- leader of Papal States
France- all land west of Rhine
-2nd Coalition is done. Just north
-Oct. 1799 - Czar pulls out of war; Britian left fighting
-April 1801- Denmark defeated by Lord Nelson (British)
-March 1802- Brit and France - Treaty of Amiens - returns all French colonies except
Shrilanka and Trinidad - Independence of Naples, Portugal, Batavian Republic...
-British don't like the treaty; imposes on all territories a British good tariff-bad for the people- high prices; Cheaper to buy British goods; retains Holland and Helvetic Republic-
-May 1803- War
- France tried to engage Nelson in the West Indies
-Cape of Trifalger- destroys French- November 21,1804
-Britian remains dupreme in the sea where Napoleon is supreme on land.
-September 1805-Lightning war- bombard with fire then charge.
-Oct. 1805 33,000 Austrians surrender at Om
-Nov. 12, 1805 - occupied Venna- try to destroy Russian and Austrian armies
-Astrolits- crushes Russian and Austrian armies- divide and conquer
-Peace of Pressburg- 1805- Italy and Germany - Prussians resist- no negotiations- defeat at
Jena Oct. 1805
-Captures Vienna and Berlin
-Eylau- Feb. 1807 - defeat Russia in Poland
-cease fire in June 1807
-Alexander I and Napoleon at the Treaty of TIlseat rallies " Dutchy of Warsaw"- French
dominated state. Pay war indenity - forced Continental System ( north downfall)
-November 1806- The Berlin Decrees- the Continental System is an economic war that kills the economy of Europe
-Continental System- no British ships in ports
-Napoleon elects family members to ruling positions-King of Italy 1805; King of Spain
1806; Ligerian Republic= France; 1808 Rome takeover
-They can't put French troops at all ports as it costs money.
-British impose their own blockade- no one can come
-Leads to political unrest, anti-French feelings and smuggling.
-France loses this economic war and grants access to the ports
-1807- Penninsular Campaign- British support the Portuguese
-1808-Napoleon occupies Rome and controls the Pope
-Force Portugal to submit? Trade with Britian doubles. Napoleon's brother Jospeh is made the King of Naples and Spain - Provokes "guerilla" warfare - Spanish nationalism
-July 1808- Bilan- Spain defeats France
-British arrive under Arthur Welsely- Duke of Wellington
-1808-conquers Madrid
-1809- Saragova- defeat
-1813- drive French out of Spain and destroy 1/2 of army. The Continental System errodes power
-Invasion of Russia- "Grand Army" 1/2 million, July 1812 - Old tactic- no direct fighting - in
the steppe winter comes early. - scourched earth policy to prevent the French army from maintaining supplies - 6 months to march -60,000 troops lost
-May 1809- Austrians defeat Napoleon
-July- Austrians are defeated
-Treaty of Sombreme- 13,000 French to 42000 Austrians
-Czar Alexander- 1810- against Continental System tariffs - Russians defeat France
-Borodino- September 7,1812- pyrric victory for France
-Czar refuse negotiation
-Russian patriotism- national pride- dont like French
-Oct.1812- withdraw- attack on retreat
-25000 French survive
-Napoleon returns defeated with small army left (1/2 French, 1/2 conscripts)
-1813-Russia and Prussian harass Napoleon- He defeats the May 1813
-Forced into cease fire to August
-raise taxes, economic depression- during war conquered territories pay
-France is exempt from draft ends
-July 1813- 4th Coalition- Austria and Britian
-1813- Austria makes mediate offer- June 23, 1813-Napoleon refuses
-Battle of Nation Leipzit- October 16-19
-195 soldiers to 365000
-Napoleon has casualities caused by the Allies 50/73000 - forced retreat over Rhime river
-France loses Germany and the Dutchy of Warsaw- retreat- 1st Major defeat
-Holland revolts, leaving Belgium and N. Italy left
-France doesn't care about invasion
-no peace talk
-April 11,1814- no longer emperor- ask Comte Province to be king- Louis XVIII
-Treaty of Paris- May 30, 1814 between France ,& Belgium, Russia, Austria, Prussia, Sweden, Portugal, Spain - want to reestablish a king
-1762 Boundaries- no war indemity- Britian gives back colonies- Tobego, St. Licia, SMALL France
-Congress of Vienna- sets off congress system- internalismalism
-can't restore nobility- dead or hiding
-"Emperor of Elba"
-- 1814- Bourbon Charter- restore monarch, accept constitution
-Comte de Arte- suspicious of king
-Revival of old system- Bourbon flag with white, green and gold
-Sans-culottes- unrest
-Rumors- Napoleon betrayed by royalists
-March 1, 1815- escape and return
-demobilized soldeirs- Marshall Ney- meet eith him and join
-ammend constitution- Emperor- more liberal constitution made -tries diplomacy-FAIL-prep for war
-June 18 , 1815 - Napoleon versus Wellington- 72000/62000
-Marshall Ney changes without approval -losing factor
-British Tactic
-
-loss on both sides
-Prussians return and overwhelm forces
-Old guard loses - RETREAT
-June 22, 1815 - abdicate
-July 8- Louis XVIII
-Talirane, Fouche, Duke of Wellington prevent revolution
-July 18- St. Helena
-Nov.20, 1815- Treaty of Paris and alliance with King Brit, 1790 boundaries- 700 million francs in war debt0 finance 150000 occupation army
-Les Mis- 1848
IMPACT -full circle revolution. 1 million soldiers dead. Popular soveriegnty becomes
centralized buracracy - tax, currency better -central bank - Napoleonic Code- property rights, distribution of church land, nomalized Pope relations
Netherlands- heretiary monarchy removed in Holland
Lisbon-none
Pays Reunis- annexed- States- full affects of French law
Pays Conquis-republics established- monarchy goverment of Napoleon's family
Joseph- Spain;Marshall Marat- Spain; Eugene- viceroy
8 million subjects of bonaparts - liberal costitutionalism
Pays Allies- S. Germany, Russia, Sweden, Austria immulate French government
Russia-czar recreate constitution and Code Napoleon
Liberty, equality, fraternity- waves of revolution
-Ideas of goverment effect nations to be
-conquered kingdoms-no beauracracy, just fuedalism (knights, manor lord) - Orderly administration- Burocrats of ABILITY - abolish fuedal privileges
- freedom of press
13 Constitutions for sister republics of Year 3
-include separation of power - 3 power
-graduated system of election
-universal male suffrage- right to vote- gain or revenge
-assemblies
-east-less likely influenced
-Holland, Germany, Italy - INFLUENCED
-new groups competing for power
-little redistribution of wealth
-owned land bought church land - aristocrat- not deprived of land
-German-still have nobles
-Code Napoleon- Italy, Naple, Westphalia, Holland, SPain
-public education - communitcation - taxes
-"Enlightened Despotism"
-power- desire for conquest- DOWNFALL
-Spain and Russia make Napoleon explioter
3 Problems= Continental System- lost market
Internal Protective- hate French
Code Napoleon- DEBT; outright opposition
Overal not sucessful
Opposition: English, Russian, Spanish
Russia- Nationalism
Prussia-oppurtunistiv
CONSEQUENCES- nationalism: self determination-Serbs, Hungarian, Bohemian
-liberty,equality, fraternity- didn't experience liberty Ex. nobleman sleeps with Serf's wife to bless marriage. Permission to marry- Natural rights
Holland-assembly
-Written constitutions- law because its written, binds you to law
-Equality- property; redistribution; equality under law
- Fraternity- patriotism. 1.4 French die in Napoleonic wars

Hanna
Admin

Number of posts : 25
Registration date : 2008-08-28

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Re: SPRITE is Napoleon

Post  Hanna on Tue Oct 07, 2008 8:04 pm

Religion
Power of church and religious orders are suppressed; and property sold; church governement grows worse; papal states 1808,1809 Napoleon- Annex of Forbidden Books; Inquisition-1215; inquisition INSIDE Catholic Church EX. witchcraft- texts, Maliace Malification- Ordeal via fire and water - Burn? God didn't protect you- Recant to save soul, then killed
-Now Pope cannot get rid of his rivals like he did during the Renaissance via excommunication EX. Gallaleo- earth around the sun; not Map of Mundi
Napoleon
-Dec. 2,1804- Emperor of France - " I ordain myself"
-At coronation took the crown and placed it on his own head- not the pope, showing he did not need to be ordained by God to rule.
Intellectual
-Army- Merit system- no longer officer of nobility-Jacobins and others promoted by ability
-Prohibits freedom of press
-enforced equality of oppurtunity
-Leagon of Honor-1802-given to French - class system of merit
-education reform-lycees- PLatonic Academies- a high calaber of education "merit-o-crats"- future leaders of gov.- free to army officer's children
-Primary education-church-catacysm controlled by state
-Education of women are barred
Technology
-September 1805-Lightning war- bombard with fire then charge
-British Tactic
-
French Tactic- Divide and conquer
Economy
land is divided equally amongst all male heirs instead of 1st born male

- Hurts economy as land shrinks.
-Eco- metal currency- consumer confidence returns -has the same problem of King and
National Assembly
- 1800- Bank of France to control currency -1806- Inhance control of Bank of France and paper currency - tax revenue is small - Godan- 1799-overhall tax system-new registers (land, income, indirect) - expenditure controlled- system of accounting- benefits bourgeoisie- 1805- Louisiana Purchase- relieve - sans-culottes-controlled and watched

Hanna
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